**Course Descriptions**

M through R

**Mathematics**

**MATH 500 Workshops (1-3 SH)**
Weekend or one week workshops are held to meet current needs
of mathematics educators. Math 500 is graded S/U and cannot
be counted toward a master’s degree. The Math 592 versions
(when offered) of the same workshops are letter graded and can
be counted toward a master’s degree.

**MATH 501 Action Research in Math Education (2 SH)**
Prepares practicing mathematics teachers to study issues or
problems relating to mathematics education within their
classrooms, schools or districts with supervision by a MSU
faculty member. Course topics include how to interpret
educational research and literature; design and implement
reliable and valid action research; identify worthwhile problems;
and formulate questions that can be addressed through action
research.

**MATH 505 Fundamental Concepts of Advanced Mathematics (3 SH)**
The study of topics from foundational mathematics such as
logic and proof, mathematical induction, set theory, relations
and functions.

**MATH 507 History of Mathematics (3 SH)**
Survey of the history of mathematics with emphasis on
examining and solving problems that typify each historical
period. While taking this course, students will (a.) become
familiar with the history of mathematics, (b.) be introduced
to historical figures who contributed to the development of
mathematics, (c.) outline major trends, themes, and problems
that impacted the development of mathematics, (d.) research
the actual mathematics of different historical periods, and (e.)
consider how the history of mathematics can be incorporated
into the teaching of mathematics. In addition to discussions,
problems, and exams, students will create projects that
incorporate the history of mathematics into the high school
math courses they teach.

**MATH 511 Trends in Mathematics Education (3 SH)**
Exploration of topics and curriculum trends in secondary
school mathematics.

**MATH 523 Probability and Statistics for Secondary School Teachers (3 SH)**
Discrete and continuous probability models. Data analysis.
Statistical inference.

**MATH 531 EL/MS Measurement (3 SH)**
This course will concentrate on the concept of measurement.
Students will use manipulatives to help demonstrate length,
area, and volume relationships and derive the formulas for these
measures. They will make measurements of length and area
using both standard and non-standard units. Further, students
will, within systems of units, work on conversions relative to
weight, length, area, volume, and mass.

**MATH 532 EL/MS Problem Solving/Algebraic Reasoning (3 SH)**
The first part of this course will focus on Polya’s problem
solving process. Students will be guided through the process
and learn how to use assessment and evaluation tools. The
second part of this course will focus on algebraic thinking.
Students will learn about representing patterns mathematically,
demonstrating properties of numbers both through
manipulatives and symbolically, and apply their problem
solving skills to algebraic problems.

**MATH 533 EL/MS Geometry (3 SH)**
The primary focus of this course will be the exploration of
two- and three- dimensional shapes and their properties. A
historical look at Euclidean geometry and constructions using
the Euclidean tools of a compass and straight edge will include
students relating the properties of various quadrilaterals to
those constructions. Students will learn to use proper geometric
notation to facilitate their learning as they explore geometry
concepts illustrated by interactive applets on the Web through
use of the Geometer’s Sketchpad.

**MATH 534 EL/MS Probability and Statistics (3 SH)**
Students will be introduced to elementary grade level statistics
and probability through the process of exploration and problem
solving. Appropriate technology will be introduced as needed.

**MATH 535 Using Technology in EL/MS Math (3 SH)**
Teachers will learn how to use specific technologies and discover
ways to integrate these technologies into their classrooms.
Technologies that will be covered are: graphing calculator,
spreadsheet, Geometer’s Sketchpad, Math Type, and other
appropriate mathematical technologies.

**MATH 536 Number/Operation in EL/MS Math (3 SH)**
The focus of this course will be on building conceptual
understanding of mathematical operations with whole numbers,
integers, and rational numbers in the form of fractions and
decimals. Emphasis will be placed on the operations of
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and powers.

**MATH 540 Geometry for Secondary School Teachers (3 SH)**
Content, rationale, and methods for secondary geometry
instruction, focusing on an axiomatic system. Includes many
applications and activities using technology.

**MATH 550 Technology for Teaching Math (3 SH)**
Current and relevant technologies for K-16 mathematics
education (e.g., software, curricular materials, calculators,
interactive whiteboards) will be examined and explored.
Issues related to the implementation of such technologies and
their impact on teaching and learning of mathematics will be
addressed.

**MATH 565 Calculus for Secondary School Teachers (3 SH)**
Participants in this course will review and strengthen their
understanding of calculus and its applications. Differential
and integral calculus will be taught with a geometric, numeric,
analytic, and verbal approach, not just a series of procedures
and rules. The course will include appropriate technology and
many applications. Students will discuss how the methods
and content of this course are relevant to teaching and
learning secondary mathematics and to the state and national
mathematics standards.

**MATH 580 Algebra for Secondary School Teachers (3 SH)**
Introduction to algebraic methods, proofs, content, and the
utilization of appropriate technology. There is an emphasis
on functions involving topics from advanced algebra, number
theory, and abstract algebra. Proofs will involve Peano’s
postulate, real number field properties, and many algebraic
theorems related to functions.

**MATH 589 Continuing Enrollment (0 SH)**
Required enrollment for students previously enrolled in thesis
or project credits who have not completed the credits by the
end of the semester enrolled. Fee required.

**MATH 590 Seminar (1-4 SH)**
Opportunity is provided to read literature in mathematics on an
individual basis to meet student needs and interests.

**MATH 592 Special Topics (1-4 SH)**
A special course of study related to a specific problem or unique
area of concentration relative to mathematics, offered to any
number of qualified graduate students upon request.

**MATH 596 Capstone Proposal (2 SH)**
With guidance from faculty, students pursue problems in the
context of their classrooms, schools, or districts which impinge
on student achievement in mathematics. Students work with
their faculty advisors to characterize the problems, complete
reviews of relevant literature, and create action research
proposals to address the problems and evaluate outcomes of the
proposed interventions.

**MATH 597 Independent Study (1-4 SH)**
Student initiated study under the direction of a faculty advisor.

**MATH 598 Capstone Project (1-3 SH)**
With guidance from faulty, students conduct action research
addressing problems in the context of their classrooms,
schools, or districts which impinge on student achievement
in mathematics. Students work with their faculty advisors to
implement interventions, collect, and analyze data resulting
from the interventions, and summarize results. Findings are
written up for publication and presented orally to peers at a
capstone symposium. Following the presentations, students
defend their projects before their graduate committees.

**Physics**

**PHYS 500 Workshops (1-3)**
Courses numbered as PHYS 500 may not be used to meet any
requirements for the MAT: Science Degree.

**PHYS 579 Research (1-2 SH)**
Research related to thesis topic. Student must have approved
thesis proposal on file prior to registering for this course. Course
may be repeated for a total of 4 credits at the discretion of the
student’s Graduate Advisory Committee.

**PHYS 590 Seminars (1-3 SH)**
Seminars on topics as approved by the division chair.

**PHYS 592 Special Topics (1-3 SH)**
Special Topics in Physics.

**PHYS 597 Independent Study (1-3 SH)**
Individual study on topics as approved by the division chair.

**PHYS 599 Thesis (2 SH)**
Individual research culminating in a thesis.