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Criminal Justice Department

Course Descriptions

Criminal Justice

CJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3 cr. Examines the criminal justice process, including legislative law-making, law enforcement, prosecution, the courts, and corrections; highlights contemporary issues and landmark cases influencing case processing at different stages throughout the criminal justice system; familiarizes students with the Bill of Rights and Amendments critical to law enforcement, evidentiary issues, and correctional procedures; a basic survey and Prerequisite(s) for all criminal justice courses.

CJ 226 Introduction to Criminal Investigations 3 cr. This course provides a broad examination of the basic principles involved in conducting a criminal investigation. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 227 Children and Youth as Crime Victims 3 cr. This course will explore the recognized physical, emotional, and behavioral indicators of abuse and mistreatment of children and adolescents, and the factors and conditions which can influence their adult offenders. Potential intervention approaches will be examined regarding their suitablility and desired outcomes while regarding the family relationship. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 229 Interviewing and Interrogation 3 cr. Examination of interviewing and interrogation knowledge, principles, interpersonal skills, methods, and techniques for understanding the psychological, ethcial, and legal aspects of obtaining information from subjects. Course provides the fundamentals used in law enforcement, probation, corrections, juvenile justice, homeland security as well as other areas of application.

CJ 299 Special Topics 1-8 cr. Independent investigations of topics of special interest related to criminal justice. Topics may vary to reflect contemporary criminal justice issues. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201. Course may be repeated as topics change, but only 6 credits can be applied toward CJ requirements.

CJ 300 Policing and Police-Community Relations 3 cr. An historical examination of the evolution of the role of police in Western culture; included are the philosophical, social, legal, political, educational and religious influences on the purpose of police power of the state; examines current and future trends, research and practices that are developed for the policing function; discusses the social and individual effects of police work in Western society. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 320 Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Punishments 3 cr. Distinguishes between probation and parole; examines community corrections options, including home confinement, electronic monitoring, intensive supervised probation/parole; uses of volunteers and paraprofessionals; presentence investigation report preparation; probation/parole officer work roles, duties; functions of jails; recidivism of clients; contemporary community correctional issues. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 322 Criminal Law 3 cr. A critical examination of the development and function of Western criminal law; analyzes current definitions of criminal acts and omissions, defenses and justifications in the social and legal society of the United States; illustrates the development of legal interpretations of criminal statutes through the use of current and historical U.S. Supreme Court and state court decisions. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 330 Criminological Theory 3 cr. Provides an examination of the major criminological schools of thought as well as the prominent theorists within each school; theories are presented that examine criminal motivation and the application of criminal law; additionally, the implicit theoretical assumptions regarding the punishment of offenders is examined. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 335 Private Security and Justice Organizations 3 cr. This course introduces the areas of Private Security, Loss Prevention, Corporate Technology Security, Contract-based Private Sector Criminal Justice Organizations, and their relationship to traditional components of American Criminal Justice and Homeland Security. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 340 Juvenile Justice System 3 cr. Illustrates major components of juvenile justice system, including arrest, intake, adjudication, and disposition of juvenile offenders; examines transfer process for treating juveniles as adults; describes landmark legal cases extending rights to juveniles; examines juvenile court organization as an adversarial system; treatment of contemporary juvenile justice issues, including death penalty for juveniles and deinstitutionalization of status offenders. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 345 Policy Issues in Criminal Justice 3 cr. Assessment of the development, efficacy, and politics of criminal justice policy. Emphasis on analyzing the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of criminal justice policy. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 348 Legal/Ethical Issues in CJ: Interface with Homeland Security and FEMA. 3 cr. The work in Criminal Justice Organizations (police, courts, corrections, and juvenile justice), Homeland Security, and FEMA are intricately related in the 21st Century, and somtimes involved the same organizations and personnel. Consequently, the challenges of legal and ethical issues are also similar. Using case analysis of actual and situational scenarios, this course explores a wide range of legal philosophies and ethical issues in decision making and agency operations. Included are: conflict in standards, decision making, and operational priorities during routine and crises situations; professionalism in recognizing and dealing with questionable behavior of individuals, and the consequences of failing to deal effectively with them. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 350 Criminal Procedure 3 cr. This course is designed to expose students to the rules and procedures in which criminal prosecutions are governed. The course begins with examining the rules and procedures of police investigations and continues throughout the process of the criminal justice process. Examples of questions that criminal procedures addresses are: When can a police officer conduct a search of a home? When can a probation officer enter probation's home without notice? Students will also examine the historical foundation of these rules and procedures. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201 and CJ 322.

CJ 362 Women in the Criminal Justice System 3 cr. (Diversity) Examines the nature and extent of female offenders, victims in the criminal justice system. The course will provide students with an understanding of the processing of women offenders through the criminal justice system. Students will also become familiar with the theoretical concepts focusing on female criminality and victimization. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 365 Law and Society 3 cr. Examination of the various perspectives on the development and implementation of law and assessment of the various facets of law in action. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 370 Court Processing and Sentencing 3 cr. Provides students with a comprehensive analysis of the U.S. court system; the functions of state and federal district, appellate, and supreme courts is reviewed; students are introduced to the influence of extra-legal factors and their differential impact on offender processing; contemporary criminal justice issues facing the court system are also examined. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 375 Gangs 3 cr. Explores gang phenomena in U.S.; concentrates on recent research about gang formation and gang related violence including the various criminological theories that explain the social, economic, political, and environmental reasons for the rise of gangs in various American urban centers. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 380 Corrections 3 cr. Examines institutionalization of convicted offenders; describes jails and prisons; investigates issues including privatization of prison operations, inmate labor, overcrowding, inmate gang formation and culture, and inmate rights; correctional officer duties/training/responsibilities are described; examines post-institutionalization experiences of released inmates in community programs; examines classification systems used to determine one's level of custody; describes different types of prisons/jails and their functions. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 385 Terrorism 3 cr. Explores terrorism from an international and national perspective; examines the social, political, and cultural reasons for terrorism including the law enforcement's fight against terrorism in the U.S. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 390 Criminal Justice in Indian Country 3 cr. Course examines historical and contemporary issues of crime, delinquency, justice, and public safety on American Indian Reservations and Alaskan Native Villages in the US. Specific focus will be given tribal justice systems; tribal interactions with Federal Justice Organizations (FBI, Federal Courts and Probation, Federal Bureau of Prisons), as well as tribal interface with local/county/state police, courts and corrections in 280 states such as ND. Tribal law and order reforms under PL 111-211 are examined along with reform policies for dealing with domestic violence, substance abuse, and gang violence. Recommended: CJ 201.

CJ 394 Independent Study 1-6 cr. Intensive study of substantive interest areas of students; major literature review leading to an analytical paper; topics chosen collaboratively by student and instructor/advisor. Grading Basis: S/U. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Course may be repeated as topics change, but only 6 credits may be applied toward CJ requirements.

CJ 395 Victims and Victimology 3 cr. The course provides a student's overview of the characteristics and trends of victims in a variety of settings, and the criminal justice system's perception and response to these individuals. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 401 Administration of Criminal Justice Systems 3 cr. An overview of organizational theory as it applies to the administration of Criminal Justice agencies. In addition, this course places an emphasis on criminal justice management theory and policy development. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 420 Current Issues in Homeland Security 3 cr. This course builds on a student's knowledge about the American Criminal Justice System and its relation to Homeland Security. Course examines Homeland Security's history, legal foundation, national infrastructure and interface with criminal justice. Specific focus is given: intelligence and counterintelligence, weapons of mass destruction, cyber-crime, organized crime, domestic and border security, and immigration issues. Incident command and control systems, adopted in 2012 are discussed. Students completing the course satisfactorily may wish to obtain FEMA certificates. Prerequisite: CJ 201 or consent of Department.

CJ 450 White-Collar Crime 3 cr. Categories of job offending are analyzed through criminological theory, law, and the criminal and regulatory justice systems, including corporate crime, professional crime, individual crime, and crime by state workers. Traditional and novel strategies for the social control of these offenses are also presented. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201.

CJ 480 Criminal Justice Research and Data Analysis 3 cr. This course is designed for students interested in graduate studies in criminal justice. Specific emphasis is on applying scientific methodologies and analyses to current issues in criminal justice. Research designs, sampling procedures, data collection instruments, and ethical issues pertaining to special populations, (inmates, juvenile delinquents and minorities) will be the primary focus. Students will also learn data typically collected by CJ departments and agencies. Additionally, students will be provided with hands-on experience in developing a research proposal which incorporates methods and analyses for their criminological study. Co-requisites: CJ 201. Prerequisite(s): MATH 240

CJ 491 Senior Seminar 3 cr. Integration of program outcomes with application of knowledge, values, and skills necessary for field entry, value and ethical considerations, and the development and implementation of future career objectives. Provides application of core courses, provides students with current developments in key core areas. Prerequisite(s): criminal justice major, senior status and must have completed all CJ core courses.

CJ 497 Field Experience 3-6 cr. Student practicum in a criminal justice or related agency; course may be repeated in either the same or different agency; designed to enhance these experiences, supplementary readings and written assignments are required. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201 or consent of instructor; all core requirements must be completed before enrolling. Grading Basis: S/U. Repeatable for credit up to 6 cr.

CJ 499 Special Topics 1-8 cr. Specialized topics offered as regular classes; topics vary depending upon student and faculty interest. Prerequisite(s): CJ 201. Course may be repeated as topics change, but only 6 credits can be applied toward CJ requirements.