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Undergraduate Catalog

Course Descriptions M - P

Math
Music
Nursing
Philosophy
Physics
Political Science
Psychology

Mathematics

MATH 102 Intermediate Algebra 4 cr. Topics of study include properties of the real number system, factoring, linear and quadratic equations, polynomial and rational expressions, inequalities, systems of equations, exponents, radicals, function notation, rational equations, and absolute value. Graduation credit is not given for this course. Prerequisite: Qualifying math placement test score or ACT math subtest score of 18 or higher.

MATH 103 College Algebra 4 cr. (GE5) This course explores fundamental college algebra topics, either as preparation for further study in mathematics or to meet the general education requirement. Topics of study include the following: relations, functions, and graphing; equations and inequalities; complex numbers; radical, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions; systems of equations; matrices; sequences and series; and the binomial theorem. Prerequisite(s): MATH 102 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or ACT math subtest score of 22 or higher.

MATH 104 Finite Mathematics 4 cr. (GE5) This course is for students whose majors do not require MATH 103 College Algebra, MATH 107 Precalculus, or courses in calculus. This course emphasizes the understanding and application of mathematics as they are used in everyday life. Topics of study include systems of linear equations and inequalities, matrices, linear programming, logic, mathematics of finance, elementary probability, and descriptive statistics. This course does not serve as the prerequisite for any other math course. Prerequisite(s): MATH 102 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or have an ACT math subtest score of 22 or higher.

MATH 105 Trigonometry 2 cr. A study of angles, trigonometric function and their inverses, solving triangles, trigonometric identities and equations, polar coordinates and applications. Prerequisite: MATH 103 with a C or better or ACT of 25 or higher.

MATH 107 Precalculus 4 cr. (GE5) This course includes the study of equations and inequalities, polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions, conic sections, standard forms, polar-coordinates and introduction to parametric equations, graphing, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities and equations, and applications. Prerequisite(s): MATH 103 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or an ACT math subtest score of 25 or higher.

MATH 146 Applied Calculus 3 cr. (GE5) Introduction to differential and integral calculus with applications from areas such as social science and business. Topics include limits, derivatives, integrals, exponential and logarithmic functions, and applications Prerequisite(s): MATH 103 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or an ACT math subtest score of 25 or higher.

MATH 165 Calculus I 4 cr. (GE5) Topics include limits, continuity, differentiation, Mean Value Theorem, integration (indefinite and definite integrals), Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, and applications. Prerequisite(s): Math 107 with a C or better, or MATH 103 and MATH 105 with a C or better, or qualifying math placement test score, or an ACT math subtest score or 29 or higher.

MATH 166 Calculus II 4 cr. Topics include applications and techniques of integration, methods of integration, polar equations, parametric equations, sequences, series, power series and applications. Prerequisite(s): MATH 165 with a C or better.

MATH 201H Environmental Mathematics 3 cr. (GE5) Exploration of environmental issues using mathematical models together with real world data. Topics may include the following: ecology, health sciences, economics, genetics, and other environmental issues. Possible field experience. Prerequisite(s): Math 102 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or Math ACT subtest score of 22 or higher. Honors Program admission or 3.30 cumulative GPA and permission of the instructor is required.

MATH 205 Mathematical Proof and Problem Solving 3 cr. A course on mathematical proofs and axiomatic systems. Topics may include set theory, formal logic, combinatorics, graph theory. Prerequisite(s): MATH 165.

MATH 208 Discrete Mathematics 4 cr. Sets, relations and functions, combinatorics, logic, Boolean algebra, difference equations, graph theory, automata. Prerequisite(s): MATH 103.

MATH 240 Applied Statistics 4 cr. (GE5) An examination of introductory statistics concepts, including sampling, descriptive statistics, probability, correlation, regression, binomial and normal distributions, confidence intervals and hypothesis testing of one and two populations, ANOVA, and Chi-square tests. Technology will be used to enhance learning and mirror statistical applications and practices in the larger world. Prerequisite(s): MATH 102 with a C or better, qualifying math placement test score, or and ACT math subtest score of 22 or higher.

MATH 265 Calculus III 4 cr. Functions of more than one variable, multiple integrals, line integrals, Green's and Stoke's theorem. Prerequisite(s): MATH 16666.

MATH 266 Introduction to Differential Equations 3 cr. First order equations, linear equations, systems of equations, series methods. Prerequisite(s): MATH 265.

MATH 277 Mathematics for Elementary Teachers I 3 cr. A course for elementary education majors. Topics include problem solving, number systems (natural numbers through the reals), number theory, and proportional reasoning. Technology and manipulatives are used throughout the course.Prerequisite(s) MATH 103 or MATH 104 or equivalent.

MATH 294 Intro to Research in Math 1-2 cr. Students explore topics, expand their mathematical knowledge, and begin to conduct introductory research under the direction of a faculty mentor. The number of credits is proportional to the time committed to the research (1 SH = 3 hours of student work per week on average.) Prerequisite: MATH 165 with a B or better; instructor permission required. Repeatable for up to 4 credits total.

MATH 299 Special Topics 1-4 cr. Repeatable for credit as topics change.

MATH 305 Linear Algebra 4 cr. Real vector spaces, subspaces, linear transformations, matrices, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, vector geometry. Prerequisite(s): MATH 107 or advanced placement.

MATH 315 Intro To Mathematical Modeling 3 cr. An introduction to mathematical modeling is the translation of a real world problem into a well formulated mathematical model. Students will develop the basic skills and techniques of formulation, simulation, analysis, and testing of mathematical models for describing and predicting a variety of phenomena. Understanding the fundamental principles in model formulation in physics, chemistry, biology, business, economics, medicine, and social and environmental sciences will be emphasized. Prerequisite(s): MATH 165.

MATH 320 Number Theory 3 cr. Unique factorization, residue theory, Diophantine equations, quadratic equations and reciprocity. Prerequisite(s): MATH 205.

MATH 330 College Geometry 4 cr. Geometry for secondary teachers. Euclidean geometry using both inductive and deductive approaches. Teaching tools include appropriate technology. Standard topics plus finite and transformational geometry. Prerequisite(s): Math 205.

MATH 345 Linear Models 4 cr. An introduction to statistical methods including topics from sampling, hypothesis testing, non-parametric statistics, resampling, simple and multiple regression, and the general linear model. Computer statistical packages will be integrated into the course. Prerequisite(s): Math 240 or equivalent.

MATH 346 Experimental Design 4 cr. Statistical methods including topics from analysis of variance; fixed and random factors; block, nested, and crossed designs; factorial, fractional factorial and confounded designs; split plot designs; and multivariate analysis. Computer statistical packages will be integrated into the course. Prerequisite(s): Math 240 or equivalent.

MATH 371 Early Practicum 1 cr. This course will require a minimum of 45 clock hours in a practicum experience. The experience can be any one of or combination of the following: secondary classroom, teaching assistant on campus, tutor on or off campus, tutor in the MSU Math Clinic, tutor at Job Corps, or some other experience approved by the Mathematics Department. Repeatable for credit. Prerequisite(s): Math 165.

MATH 377 Mathematics for Elementary Teachers II 2 cr. A course for elementary education majors. Topics include probability, statistics, and geometry. Calculators, computer software, and manipulatives are used throughout the course. Prerequisite(s): MATH 103 or MATH 104 or equivalent.

MATH 380 History of Mathematics 3 cr. Development of mathematics from its early beginning through the present axiomatic approach. Problems from each era are included. Prerequisite(s): MATH 107 or advanced placement.

MATH 381 Secondary Math Practicum 1 cr. This course will require a minimum of 45 clock hours in a practicum experience. The experience will take place in a grades 7-12 setting. Prerequisite(s): Admission to Teacher Education, MATH 371; Prereq/Co-req: MATH 391.

MATH 391 Teaching Mathematics 3 cr. Intended for secondary mathematics teachers. Planning mathematics lessons, developing mathematics teaching skills. Prerequisite(s): Admission to Teacher Education, MATH 371

MATH 393 Math Education Seminar 2 cr. This is a support course for BSE math majors that provides students with opportunities to discuss curriculum and pedagogical issues that arise in their student teaching placements. Other topics addressed include preparation for job searching, reflections on INTASC standards and each student's level of competence. Prerequisite(s): Admission to Teacher Education. Co-requisite(s): ED 493.

MATH 394 Independent Study 1-4 cr. Repeatable for credit.

MATH 420 Abstract Algebra 4 cr. Introduction to abstract algebraic systems. Groups, rings, homomorphisms and isomorphisms. Prerequisite(s): MATH 205, MATH 320.

MATH 445 Probability and Statistics I 4 cr. Introduction to probability, discrete and continuous random variables, distribution functions, special probability distributions. Prerequisite(s): MATH 146 or MATH 16666.

MATH 446 Probability and Statistics II 4 cr. Multivariate probability distributions. Functions of random variables, moment generating functions, sampling distributions, estimation methods, properties of point estimations, linear models, some special experimental designs. Prerequisite(s): MATH 445.

MATH 450 Real Analysis 4 cr. Limits of functions and sequences, continuity, topology of the reals, differentiation, Riemann Integration, convergence and uniform convergence. Prerequisite(s): Math 16666, Math 205.

MATH 460 Complex Analysis 3 cr. Analytic functions, conformal maps, Cauchy integral formula, residue theorem. Prerequisite(s): MATH 265 and MATH 450.

MATH 470 Numerical Analysis 4 cr. Error analysis, numerical differentiation and integration, linear systems and numerical solutions to differential equations. The computer language of instruction will be FORTRAN. Prerequisite(s): MATH 265, 305.

MATH 494 Directed Research in Math 1-4 cr. Students conduct research under the direction of a faculty mentor. The general topic and specific goals and activites are agreed upon by the student and the mentor. while publication or presentation is not a requirement, all projects have a goal of producing publishable/presentable results. The number of credits is proportional to the time committed to the research (1 SH = 3 hours of student work per week on average.) Prerequisite: MATH 294 (2 SH); instructor permission required. Repeatable for up to 8 credits total.

MATH 499 Special Topics 1-4 cr. Repeatable for credit as topics change.

Music

MUSC 099 Recitals/Concerts 0 cr. This is a non-credit course which will appear on each music major's semester program. It is designed to accumulate information as to the student's required attendance at predesignated recitals, concerts, and seminars. Grading Basis: S/U. Repeatable.

MUSC 100 Music Appreciation 3 cr. (GE3) Designed for the non-music major and may be used as partial fulfillment of Humanities requirement. Representative works from many cultures will be studied.

MUSC 101 Fundamentals of Music 2 cr. Introduction to fundamental elements of music and functional musicianship for non-music majors.

MUSC 102 Private Piano 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 103 Private Harpsichord 1 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Course restricted to majors. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 105 Women's Chorus 1 cr. Open to female singers with interest in singing. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 106 Private Organ 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 110 Audio/Video Technology 1 cr. This course is designed to provide basic knowledge and gain experience with recording live perfromances. Employing both on campus and online resources, the students will study basic practices for recording and production as they apply that knowledge to recording projects with the Division of Music.

MUSC 111 Private Voice 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 115 Opera-Musical Production 1 cr. Techniques of production and staging dramatic musical works, employing operas and scenes from operas. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 116 Private Strings 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 117 Private Classical Guitar 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 119 Vocal Ensemble 1 cr. Membership subject to approval of director. (Rehearsals by arrangement.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 120 Concert Choir 1 cr. (GE4) Membership subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 121 Intro to Music Theory 2 cr. Foundations of music notation and basic music literacy. Course provides a background for MUSC 122 Music Theory and a foundation for successful pursuit of the Music Major. Co-requisite: MUSC 123.

MUSC 122 Music Theory I 3 cr. Study of music notation and basic structure of music, including key signatures, scales, chords, four-part writing and instrumental notation. Provides students with practical applications of music theory concepts.

MUSC 123 Aural Skills I 1 cr. A lab experience to develop abilities in sight-singing, ear training, rhythm reading and error detection, interval and chord identification.

MUSC 124 Music Theory II 3 cr. Further develops a student's understanding of music notation and basic structures of music, including voice-leading, figured bass, melodic forms, modulations and seventh chords. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 122.

MUSC 125 Aural Skills II 1 cr. A lab experience to develop abilities in sight-singing, ear training, rhythm reading and error detection, interval and chord identification. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 123.

MUSC 126 Private Brass 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 127 MSU Singers 1 cr. By audition. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 128 Keyboard Theory 1 cr. Corequisite: MUSC 122

MUSC 130 Brass Ensemble 1 cr. Rehearsals are arranged and membership is subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 131 Private Percussion 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 133 Private Woodwinds 0.5-4 cr. ($150 lesson fee.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 135 Woodwind Ensemble 1 cr. Rehearsals arranged and membership subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 140 String Ensemble 1 cr. Membership subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 145 Percussion Ensemble 1 cr. Rehearsals are arranged and membership subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 150 Orchestra 1 cr. (GE4) Rehearses Thursday evening. The Minot Symphony Orchestra is a university-community organization. Open to qualified students upon approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 153 Accompanying 3 cr. Open to music majors with declared piano or organ performing medium. This course helps the student develop skill at accompanying soloists, being a partner in a chamber music ensemble, and as a community music leader. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 155 Wind Ensemble 1 cr. (GE4) Open to qualified students subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 160 Concert Band 1 cr. (GE4) Open to qualified students subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 163 Beaver Athletic Band 1 cr. Brass & Percussion Ensemble which performs at athletic events, in concert and in recital, community events and tours regularly. Members are selected by audition. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 165 Jazz Ensemble 1 cr. Open to qualified students subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 167 Jazz Combo 1 cr. Open to qualified students subject to approval of director. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 177 Functional Piano 1 cr. A piano class designed for students who are beginners on the instrument, first year theory students, and elementary education majors. Course restricted to majors. (Class meets twice weekly.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 178 Functional Piano 1 cr. Continuation of MUSC 177. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 177. (Class meets twice weekly.) Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 180 Class Guitar I 1 cr. Beginning technique in chord and melody playing is developed in class ensemble. Courses in progressive order of advancement.

MUSC 181 Class Guitar II 1 cr. Continuation of MUSC 180. Prerequisite(s): 180.

MUSC 201 World Music 3 cr. (GE3-Diversity) Designed to introduce the world's major music's in order to encourage and enhance cultural diversity.

MUSC 205 History of the United States Through its Music 3 cr. (GE3-Diversity) Designed for the non-music major. American music which accompanied significant historical eras and development will be studied.

MUSC 206 Intro to Music History 3 cr. Survey of the history and traditions of western civilization through its music. Students will focus on the musical content and trace developmental trends through the common periods of music history.

MUSC 207 History of Pop and Rock Music 3 cr. (GE3-Diversity) Pop Music and American liberal capitalism helped to create a planetary culture. Twentieth Century events that brought the world to this pass were not so much a movement as a force of creativity and capitalism yoked by the first global communications network. This class brings liberal arts students into contact with tools and information on this subject.

MUSC 222 Music Theory III 3 cr. A continuing study of the underlying theoretical background of tonal music, begun in Theory I and II. Topics include a thorough study of chromatic harmony and the deterioration of functional harmony in the late 19th century to the demise of tonality in the 20th. Analytical techniques are stressed. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 123, 124 or 125.

MUSC 223 Aural Skills III 1 cr. A practical continuation of previous aural studies. Areas to be covered include advanced work in musical dictation, error detection, and sight singing. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 124 or 125.

MUSC 224 Form and Analysis 3 cr. This course will explore the analysis of compositional forms, phrase structure, and advanced harmonic analysis of works from the 18th century to modern music.

MUSC 225 Aural Skills IV 1 cr. A practical continuation of previous aural studies. Areas to be covered include highly advanced work in musical dictation, error detection, and sight singing. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 222 or 223.

MUSC 250 Basic Conducting 2 cr. A Foundation of knowledge and manual proficiency that allows the conductor to communicate with an ensemble. The focus of the course is on the conductor's individual skill.

MUSC 301 Music Methods for the Elementary Teacher 2 cr. Methods and materials for the classroom teacher in guiding young children in musical experiences K-6. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 101 or 122 and Admission to Teacher Education.

MUSC 306 Music History & Literature I 3 cr. This course will develop the students' knowledge of Western Civilization through its musical history and literature dating from ancient Greece to 1750. Students will focus on analytical and listening skills to further their understanding of musical styles.

MUSC 307 Music History & Literature II 3 cr. This course will develop the students' knowledge of Western Civilization through its musical history and literature dating from 1750 to the present. Students will focus on analytical and listening skills to further their understanding of musical styles.

MUSC 325 Vocal Pedagogy 3 cr. Techniques and materials for the voice teacher. Diction practices in English, Italian, German and French prepare the student to not only perform in those languages, but also to teach those song literatures. This course benefits BA and BSE majors equally.

MUSC 340 Voice Methods 1 cr. This course investigates basic vocal pedagogy methods, introducing essential tools for teaching singing. Study of international phonetic alphabet will assist foreign language diction skill, and exploration of repertoire suited for the beginning singer. Prerequisite(s): restricted to majors or consent of instructor.

MUSC 341 String Methods 1 cr. A practical class involving the playing and techniques of teaching the bowed, orchestral string instruments (violin, viola, cello, and string bass) at an elementary level. Teaching materials and string pedagogy are also considered.

MUSC 342 Woodwind Methods 1 cr. The purpose of this course is to give the student an introduction to the techniques of playing and teaching woodwinds. Teaching methods, proper playing position, embouchure, common problems and errors made by students, equipment, maintenance and repair of the instruments, and both pedagogical and performance literature will be presented.

MUSC 343 Brass Methods 1 cr. Teaching techniques and performance proficiency on each of the brass family instruments.

MUSC 344 Percussion Methods 1 cr. Techniques and methods of playing and teaching percussion.

MUSC 345 Wind Band Literature 2 cr. Services the needs of large ensemble literature for the wind and symphonic band musician. Secondary education relies heavily on this body of literature for both quality performance and teaching material. Many contemporary composers and arrangers make this genre one that provides and prolific source of new works. Knowledge of this genre benefits the educator and performing musician, as well as opening the door for the developing composer.

MUSC 346 Symphonic Literature 2 cr. Services the need of large ensemble literature for the string and wind orchestral musician. It further represents one of the largest and most performed bodies of musical composition in all of classical literature. Knowledge of this genre benefits the educator and performing musician alike.

MUSC 347 Chamber Music Literature 2 cr. Services the needs of small ensemble literature for the string, wind and piano student. It further represents one of the largest bodies of musical composition and employs numerous combination of instrumentation.

MUSC 350 Adv. Conducting and Arranging 3 cr. Objectives of this course are to develop and refine gestures which convey musical meaning, to successfully arrange simple scores for a variety of ensembles using standard notational software, to refine interpretive skills, and to develop an ability to critique and improve one's own conducting.

MUSC 366 Instrumental Jazz Improvisation I 2 cr. Study of the utilization and translation of basic musical elements such as scales, mixolydian modes, dominant seventh chords, rhythm, form, and melody into an individually creative jazz performance. Open to all instruments including strings.

MUSC 367 Instrumental Jazz Improvisation II 2 cr. Continuation of MUSC 36666 by studying the dorian modes, minor seventh chords, and integration rhythm and melody with actual playing to further the students progress. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 36666.

MUSC 384 Orchestra Methods in Secondary Education 3 cr. Provides the parallel alternative for Band and Choral Methods classes. The string educator is often hired to teach only strings for a school system. This course includes methods and materials relative to a successful string program. Prerequisite: MUSC 124 and admission to teacher education.

MUSC 390 Band Methods in Secondary Education3 cr. Instrumental conducting, score reading and performance preparation, including examination of methods and materials used in the secondary band program. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 124 and admission to teacher education.

MUSC 391 Choral Methods in Secondary Education 3 cr. Choral conducting, score reading and performance preparation, including examination of methods and materials used in the secondary choir program. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 124 and admission to teacher education.

MUSC 392 Elementary Music Methods 3 cr. Methods and materials used in elementary classroom music curriculums grades K-8. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 124 and admission to teacher education.

MUSC 397 Elementary Music Field Experience 1 cr. Provides the opportunity for the music education students to achieve 25-30 of the required practicum hours for observation and visitation in the public school classroom. This "hands on" time in the classroom is invaluable in forming the expectations and realities of life in the teaching field. Prerequisite(s): MUSC 124 and Admission to Teacher Education.

MUSC 440 Instrument Repair 1 cr. Basic techniques in instrument maintenance and care.

MUSC 441 Piano Tuning 2 cr. Study of piano tuning, piano construction and repair in addition to organ tuning. Prerequisite(s): The ability to play all major chords and any two note interval. Repeatable for credit.

MUSC 442 Piano Pedagogy 3 cr. The examination of teaching methods and applied music instruction management for piano students.

MUSC 480 Senior Project 1 cr. Capstone project representing accomplishment in designated applied study area.

Nursing

NURS 221 Pre-Professional Development 1 cr. Facilitates the development of professional behaviors, roles, and responsibilities. Provides opportunity for professional development, community service, and continuing education. Nursing elective. Guidelines available through Department of Nursing. Grading Basis: S/U. Prerequisite(s): Pre-nursing or nursing major. CS = 15*

NURS 222 Math for Meds 1 cr. Enables the student to develop calculation skills, using the dimensional analysis technique, to safely calculate and administer medications. CS = 15*

NURS 253 Nursing Perspectives 3 cr. Focuses on introductory concepts of the discipline of professional nursing Open to the general university student. CS = 45*.

NURS 255 Nursing Foundations 5 cr. Applies basic theoretical concepts to professional nursing in appropriate practice settings. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 45; C/L = 90*

NURS 264 Health Assessment 4 cr. Applies methods required for a nursing health assessment in classroom and laboratory setting. Prerequisite(s): Admission to Nursing program. CS = 45; C/L = 45*

NURS 325 Adult Health Nursing I 5 cr. Focuses on nursing care of adults experiencing common health problems with predictable outcomes in selected body systems, including concepts of absorption, elimination, regulation, mobility, perceptual dysfunction, cell injury and inflammation, altered immune responses, and perioperative principles. Concepts important in understanding health and illness in the elderly are included. Clinical experiences occur in laboratory simulation and perioperative settings. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 45; C/L = 90*

NURS 335 Adult Health Nursing II 5 cr. Focuses on nursing care of adults, including the elderly, who experience chronic and/or progressive health problems in selected body systems. Concepts of sensation, oxygenation, digestion, regulation, movement/coordination, and abnormal cell growth are included. Principles and practices of intravenous therapy are applied to the adult client. Clinical experiences occur in the laboratory, medical, and rehabilitation settings of the hospital. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 45; C/L = 90*

NURS 344 Child Health Nursing 4 cr. Applies theories, concepts, and competencies in providing nursing care for infants, children and adolescents within families. Clinical experiences will occur in a variety of settings. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 30; C/L = 90*

NURS 354 Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing 4 cr. Applies psychosocial concepts and theories in psychiatric-mental health nursing within a nursing process framework for care of persons with mental health conditions. Prerequisite(s): NURS 325, NURS 335, PSY 270 and admission to nursing. CS = 30; C/L = 90*

NURS 361 Women's Health 1 cr. Applies current theories and concepts to Women's Health and Health practices within families. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 15

NURS 363 Nursing Theory and Research 3 cr. Surveys contribution of theory and research to the development of the discipline of nursing. Focuses on nursing theories, conceptualizations, and research utilization for decision making within professional nursing. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 45*

NURS 364 Maternal Newborn Nursing 4 cr. Applies current theories, concepts and competencies in evidence based Maternal-Newborn Nursing. Provides experiences in caring for women, childbearing families and newborns in the hospital, clinic, and community. Compares the nursing roles in Maternal-Newborn Nursing. Prerequisite: NURS 335. CS=30; C/L=90.

NURS 383 Professional Nursing I 3 cr. Introduces the student to the nature of baccalaureate nursing, including the Department of Nursing philosophy and curricular concepts. Students explore various nursing roles and theories in a variety of traditional and nontraditional settings. Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into RN to BSN program. CS = 45*

NURS 397 Nursing Internship 2-6 cr. Fosters development of clinical nursing skills and decision making in approved health care agencies. Guidelines available through Department of Nursing. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing and NURS 335. Two semester credit hour = minimum of 90 hours of clinical study.

NURS 399 Independent Study General Nursing 1-16 cr. Fosters development of clinical skills and decision making for students considering a health care profession.

NURS 421 Nursing Leadership Development 1 cr. Provides opportunities to implement leadership skills in professional roles and community service. Promotes activities in professionalism, continuing education, and networking. Guidelines available through Department of Nursing. Grading Basis: S/U. Prerequisite(s): NURS 255, and 264; and admission to nursing. CS = 15*

NURS 456 Public Health Nursing 6 cr. Demonstrates population-focused community-oriented nursing through the synthesis of nursing theory and public health theory applied to promoting, preserving and maintaining the health of popuations and grounded in social justice. Provides experience in a variety of urban, rural, and frontier community settings. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing and NURS 344,354,361, and 364. CS = 45; C/L = 135*

NURS 457 Public Health for the Professional Nurse I 3 cr. Focuses on theory of population-focused community- orientated nursing through the synthesis of nursing theory and public health theory applied to promoting, preserving and maintaining the health of populations and grounded in social justice. Prerequisites: Admission ot RN to BSN program, NURS 363 and 383.

NURS 458 Public Health for the Professional Nurse II 3 cr. Provides opportunities for clinical application of population-focused, community-orientated nursing theory through experiences in a variety of urban, rural and/or frontier community settings. Prerequisites: Admission to RN to BSN program, NURS 363 and 383 Corequisite: NURS 457.

NURS 464 Adult Health Nursing III 4 cr. Focuses on advanced nursing care of adults experiencing acute, complex, and potentially unstable illnesses and injuries. Concepts, principles, and theories relating to adaptation and life support management of regulatory systems are included. Clinical experiences include laboratory simulation and life system support settings, including critical care areas, dialysis, and emergency/trauma services. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 30; C/L = 90*

NURS 471 Nursing Review 1 cr. Provides a systematic review of essential nursing content required for licensure. Grading Basis: S/U. Prerequisite(s): NURS 456 and NURS 484. CS = 15*

NURS 472 Trends and Issues 2 cr. Evaluates current issues and trends impacting upon professional nursing practice. Introduces strategies to empower nurses for professional nursing with emphasis on legal, ethical, and political economic frameworks, career management; and health care policy. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 30*

NURS 473 Nursing Leadership & Management 3 cr. Analyzes theories and concepts of leadership and management for the professional nurse in dynamic nursing care delivery systems. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. CS = 45*

NURS 483 Professional Nursing II 3 cr. Provides the student with an opportunity to examine professional nursing in a changing health care delivery system, including the current and future focus of nursing care. Prerequisite(s): acceptance into RN to BSN program. CS = 45*

NURS 493 Professional Nursing III 3 cr. This integrative capstone provides the student opportunity to design and implement a project in collaboration with faculty by integrating leadership and management concepts into nursing practice in a health care system. Prerequisite: acceptance into RN to BSN program.CS = 45*

NURS 496 Study Abroad 1-6 cr. Provides opportunities for MSU faculty-led study trips to appropriate locations. Focuses on becoming more culturally knowledgeable about global health care by immersion in a nursing culture of a different country. Will include additional requirements beyond travel itself. May be repeated for up to 24 credits for different countries. Prerequisite(s): Sophomore status, minimum cumulative GPA of 2.5 and prior approval by the Office of International Programs.

NURS 497 Nursing Practicum 6 cr. Integrates management concepts in clinical nursing practice in selected health care systems with the collaborative guidance of faculty and clinical preceptors. Prerequisite(s): Admission to nursing. C/L = 270*

*CS = clock hours of classroom study; C/L = clock hours of clinical or laboratory study.

Philosophy

PHIL 100 Critical Thinking 3 cr. (GE3) The study of effective thinking, both logical and evaluative.

PHIL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 3 cr. (GE3) Basic problems, concepts, and methods of philosophy.

PHIL 102 Philosophy of Human Nature 3 cr. (GE3) Focuses on what it means to be a human being and the so-called "nature-nurture controversy."

PHIL 201 Philosophy of Religion 3 cr. A critical examination of the reasonability of religious belief. The existence of God, the problem of evil, and other topics will be discussed.

PHIL 210 Ethics 3 cr. A study of traditional concepts in ethical theory and moral reasoning.

PHIL 330 Political Philosophy 3 cr. This course examines the basic principles and features of the major political philosophies and systems of government.

PHIL 380 Existentialism 3 cr. A careful examination of major existentialist thinkers (Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, etc.) and dominant existential themes: alienation, mortality, the meaning of life, and God.

PHIL 383 Asian Philosophy 3 cr. A critical examination of the leading eastern worldviews: Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Taoism, and other eastern views.

Physics

PHYS 110 Astronomy 4 cr. (GE6) A study of the universe that begins with the earth as a planet, the planets and the satellites of our solar system, and moves out through stellar astronomy to galaxies and into the very fabric of the universe. It includes an evaluation of the methods and techniques of astronomy. Offered fall semester. Both day and night laboratories. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

PHYS 203 Introduction to Physics I 4 cr. (GE6) Elementary laws and principles of mechanics and fluids. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; recitation, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): MATH 103.

PHYS 204 Introduction to Physics II 4 cr. (GE6) Elementary laws of electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; recitation, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 203.

PHYS 221 General Physics I 5 cr. (GE6) Newton's laws; work and energy; impulse and momentum; angular momentum; oscillations; gravity; wave motion; thermodynamics. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; recitation, 2 hours. Corequisite: MATH 165.

PHYS 222 General Physics II 5 cr. (GE6) Electricity; Gauss' laws and potential difference; magnetism; Maxwell's equations; optics; introduction to Modern Physics. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; recitation, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 221. Corequisite: MATH 166.

Political Science

POLS 115 American Government 3 cr. (GE7) Principles of American government, political behavior, institutions.

POLS 116 State and Local Government 3 cr. Structures, politics, and behavior in state and local governments.

POLS 220 International Politics 3 cr. Students learn about how the different governments of the world interact through this introductory course. By the end of the semester, students are expected to know the different theories and models that relate to international conflict and consensus. In addition, students learn about the different world organizations and how they are involved in politics on a global scale.

POLS 275 Contemporary Community Issues 3 cr. This course is designed to develop your understanding of the different communities you are a member of and the issues facing them in the 21st century. Drawing on theories and concepts from various disciplines, we will expand on how communities and the issues associated with them are defined, constructed and addressed at multiple levels of society. Specifically, we will examine various political and social issues facing our communities including but not limited to: crime, ecology, inequalities, health care and the family. We will also set those issues in their larger state, national and global context, address the impact of that context and the proposed possible outcomes for the future.

POLS 299 Special Topics 1-6 cr. Topics will cover, but are not limited to, recent issues and in-depth investigation into areas of interest to students. Repeatable for credit as topics change.

POLS 306 Constitutional Law 3 cr. Analyze U.S. Supreme Court decisions and interpretations focusing on civil liberties, equal protections, due process, and First Amendment rights. Prerequisite(s): POLS 115.

POLS 375 Contemporary Political Issues 3 cr. This course is designed to develop your understanding of the larger political world and the issues facing it in the 21st century. Drawing on theories and concepts from various disciplines, we will expand on how political issues are defined, constructed and addressed at multiple levels of society. Specifically, we will look at various political issues and policies facing the United States, including but not limited to: crime, ecology, inequalities, health care and the family. We will also set those issues in their larger global context, address the impact of that context and the proposed possible outcomes for the future.

POLS 451 Political Sociology 3 cr. Political sociology broadly conceived is the study of power and domination in social relationships to include the relationship between state and society. The course draws upon comparative history to analyze socio-political trends and thereby includes the analysis of the family, the mass media, universities, trade unions, etc. a typical research question might, for example, be: what factors explain why so few American citizens choose to vote.

POLS 499 Special Topics 1-6 cr. Topics will cover, but are not limited to, recent issues and in-depth investigation into areas of interest to students. Repeatable for credit as topics change.

Psychology

PSY 111 Introduction to Psychology 3 cr. (GE7) A survey of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Topics studied include development of normal and abnormal behavior, learning, biopsychology, development, memory, personality, cognition, therapy, and social psychology. This course is a Prerequisite(s) to most other psychology courses.

PSY 112 Foundations of Psychology 3 cr. Designed for psychology and addiction studies majors, this course will emphasize the tools necessary to advance in these fields. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 201 Dynamics of Adjustive Behavior and Mental Health 3 cr. Presents the principles of behavior adjustment. It is concerned with how socially relevant behavior is learned, what the motivating functions are, and how they operate in life. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 241 Introduction to Statistics 3 cr. Examination of basic concepts in measurement, scaling, binomial and normal distribution, and descriptive statistics. Introduction to inferential statistics and hypothesis testing for research, with emphasis on z-scores as a test statistic. Prerequisite(s): MATH 103 (or higher) or departmental approval and PSY 111.

PSY 242 Research Methods in Psychology 4 cr. A study of the scientific method as it is used in the investigation of problems in psychology. A variety of types of research methodologies, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use. Ethical implications of the use of various methodologies will also be discussed. Prerequisite(s): PSY 241 or department approval.

PSY 252 Child Psychology 3 cr. Overview of theories of human development from conception through childhood including physical, cognitive, language, social, and self-help skills in family, school, and community settings. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 255 Child and Adolescent Psychology 3 cr. Overview of theories of human development from conception through adolescence including the physical, cognitive, language, social, and educational aspects of the individual development. Special emphasis will be given to the individuals learning capabilities. This course cannot be applied towards the Psychology or Addiction Studies majors, minors or concentrations. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 270 Abnormal Psychology 3 cr. A survey of the classification, symptoms, and etiology of psychological disorders. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 297 Practicum 2 cr. Participation in individual, group, and family counseling in an agency or hospital involved in addiction counseling. Grading Basis: S/U. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 313 Industrial Organizational Psychology 3 cr. This course will examine human behavior in industrial and organizational settings. Psychological principles are applied to selection, placement, and training. The effectiveness of individuals and groups within organizations, including leadership and control, conflict and cooperation, motivation, and organizational structure and design, is examined. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 338 Professional Relations and Ethics 3 cr. Study of Federal Confidentiality Laws and ND Commitment Law and process in order to protect the rights of the client. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 344 Dynamics of Addiction 3 cr. Emphasizes the history of drugs of abuse, theories and controversies regarding chemical dependency, and multidisciplinary approaches to treatment. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 349 Psychopharmacology 3 cr. An introduction to behavioral pharmacology, including the basics of pharmacology, psychology, and neuroscience needed to understand drugs of abuse. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 352 Adolescent Psychology 3 cr. Study of physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral parameters of adolescence from preteen to young adulthood. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 365 Evolutionary Psychology 3 cr. Examines the important aspects of human behavior as it is explained as a result of natural selection. The course will focus on a number of topics including sex differences, mate selection, selfishness and altruism, homicide and violence. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 375 History and Systems of Psychology 3 cr. Examines the historical development of the science of psychology. Special emphasis is placed upon cultural context and its influences on the developing systems of psychology. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 376 Social Psychology 3 cr. An interdisciplinary approach to the study of behavior of individuals in relation to social stimulus situation. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111 and SOC 110.

PSY 379 Psychology of Adult and Aging 3 cr. Overview of theories of human development from young adulthood through old age focusing on demands of personal adjustment, family, work, retirement, and community life. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111; recommended: PSY 252 or 352.

PSY 394 Independent Study 1-4 cr. Election of a topic and a course of study. Must be approved by a psychology staff member and the psychology chair. Student must be a psychology major and have 12 semester credits.

PSY 410 Cognitive Psychology 3 cr. Examines the research dealing with the processing of sensory information, attention, short term and long term memory, decision making and problem solving, as well as related topics. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 411 Introduction to Personality Theories 3 cr. Examines the basic concepts of personality development as viewed by the psychoanalytic, learning, humanistic, and trait-type theorists. Special emphasis is placed on the comparison of various perspectives. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 413 Theories and Practice of Psychotherapy 3 cr. Aimed at the development of a balanced view of the major concepts of various therapies and an awareness of practical applications and implementation of techniques used by the various therapists. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 423 Introduction to Counseling 3 cr. Study of the theories of counseling and application of these principles for dealing with behavioral problems in agencies, schools, or hospitals. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 424 Advanced Counseling 3 cr. Further study of counseling theory with students being required to develop a workable methodology of their own. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111, and 423

PSY 435 Theories of Learning 3 cr. Examines the basic concepts of learning theory as viewed by the more prominent theorists in the area. Emphasis is placed on the comparison of the various perspectives within historical contexts. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 460 Sensation and Perception 3 cr. Focus on the principles of our sensory systems and the laws which govern the sensory processes. The course includes research and theories on the visual system, auditory system, chemical senses, and the skin senses. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 465 Physiological Psychology 3 cr. An introduction to the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological bases of behavior, including learning, reinforcement, eating and drinking, sleep, sexual behavior, and mental disorders. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 473 Behavior Modification 3 cr. Description of behavioral principles and procedures for assessment and treatment that can be used by helping professionals to enhance behavioral development. Class projects are required. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 476 Group Dynamics 3 cr. Actual group experience in a lecture/lab format. Readings and written assignments focus on organizing groups and skills required of group facilitators. A problem solving/personal growth group meets each week. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111.

PSY 485 Practicum 15 cr. Participation in one of the North Dakota consortia to provide experience in the addiction field. This is a 4.5 month, full time experience, where the student actively participates as an addiction counselor in training. Course restricted to psychology or addiction studies majors. Grading Basis: S/U.

PSY 486 Practicum 15 cr. Participation in one of the North Dakota consortia to provide experience in the addiction field. This is the second part of the nine month practicum experience required for licensure as an addiction counselor. The course involves a 4.5 month, full time experience, where the student actively participates as an addiction counselor in training. Course restricted to psychology or addiction studies majors.Grading Basis: S/U.

PSY 491 Senior Seminar in Psychology 3 cr. Overview of psychology as a discipline and a synthesis of biological and psychological factors in human behavior. Prerequisite(s): PSY 111, PSY 241, senior status and psychology major.

PSY 494 Directed Behavioral Research 1-4 cr. This course provides students with the practical applications of research designs. Although a resulting publication is not required for the course, it is a desired outcome. Students will need to work with a faculty sponsor on a specific research project. Prerequisite(s): PSY 241 and PSY 242 or consent of instructor.

PSY 495 Service Learning 3 cr. This course provides students with the ability to work in meaningful community service coupled with instruction about the service and reflection on their service.

PSY 496 Senior Research Paper 3 cr. Students will formulate an original research topic and write a paper ON that topic. Restricted to psychology majors and senior status.

PSY 497 Psychology Practicum 3 cr. Placement in an applied setting for practical experience.